Performance Standard 4 aims to prevent adverse project impacts on local communities through accidents, hazardous materials, the spread of disease or security incidents.
Based on project Environmental and Social Impact Assessment, the only significant residual community related safety risks in the construction phase relate to personal security (e.g. holidaymakers on site) and to the increased traffic – both road and marine. In the operational phase there will be different emergency issues, such as emergency blowdown of the pipeline system (or parts of the landfall system), fire and pipeline rupture. With respect to abnormal operating conditions, emergency response plans have been developed based on the risks and particular scenarios identified. Furthermore, the company’s general emergency notification procedure requires contractors to have their own emergency response procedures in place and to notify Nord Stream 2 in the event they are needed. A number of bridging documents have been prepared to ensure that the Nord Stream 2 and the relevant contractor’s emergency management system are harmonised for a clear and coordinated response in the unlikely event of such an incident.
For each of the identified project health, safety or security impacts, potential scenarios and their mitigations were communicated to relevant communities as part of the stakeholder engagement process. The company emergency response notification flow chart contains requirements for the Head of Communications to prepare and issue statements to third parties, including communities. Training requirements regarding emergency preparedness and response are specified and provided to contractors upon contract award. The delivery of such training is then tailored to the particular project risks concerned.
Communicable Diseases and Security Personnel
Other key community health, safety and community considerations include communicable diseases and security personnel. Nord Stream 2 recognises that groups of contractor personnel living in proximity to communities have potential to act as vectors for communicable diseases. As such contractors are obliged to meet the requirements contained within our documentation on Minimum HSE Standards for onshore construction activities. There are also specific obligatory requirements for contractors relating to "Community Exposure to Disease". With regard to security personnel, we have specific requirements that relate to their vetting, provision of training, the use of appropriate force, and require investigations for any non-conformance, including abusive acts by security personnel.
A reporting and audit programme has been implemented to verify that community related health and safety commitments and obligations are being met.